Secondary School Physical Education Curriculum: Implications for Sports Development in Botswana



  • O. M. TORIOLA (O. M. 多爾路亞) University of Botswana, BOTSWANA (非洲波斯尼亞大學)



Physical education, sports development, problems, children and youth, Botswana


LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.

In many countries, a major rationale for curriculum design in physical education is that it promotes a physically active lifestyle among the youths and provides a basis for the development of fundamental sports skills. Access to physical education and sport is not only a fundamental human right but it also promotes health, desirable social attitudes and values. Based on the above rationale physical education was introduced to Botswana secondary schools in 1999. In this study, the Botswana secondary school physical education curriculum was analysed regarding its potential role in sports development in the country. Structured interviews were carried out with Principals of selected public secondary schools in which physical education is a teaching subject and the curriculum development unit in the Ministry of Education. Results were discussed in the following specific areas: curriculum content analysis, implementation problems, time allocation, provision of teaching and learning resources, funding, personnel, opportunities for competitive sport participation and assessment procedures. Problems affecting the teaching of physical education in Botswana were also discussed and possible solutions proffered. Finally, analysis of implications of the physical education curriculum for sport development in Botswana was presented.



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How to Cite

TORIOLA, O. (2003). Secondary School Physical Education Curriculum: Implications for Sports Development in Botswana: 波斯尼亞中學體育課程與運動發展的探索. Asian Journal of Physical Education &Amp; Recreation, 9(1), 69–73.