Reinforce Health-related Education Early in School: Results of a Randomized Trial in Portugal

在學校中儘早加強與健康有關的教育: 來自葡萄牙中學的隨機調查結果


  • Guoyong WANG (王國勇) University of Minho, PORTUGAL; Shanghai University of Engineering Science, CHINA (葡萄牙密尼奧大學; 中國上海工程技術大學)
  • Beatriz PEREIRA (彼亞斯.皮利亞) University of Minho, Institute of Child Study, PORTUGAL (葡萄牙密尼奧大學兒童研究學院)



School children, Health education, Physical education, Health-related physical fitness


LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the health-related quality of life of school children in Portugal. We used FITNESS GRAM (health-related fitness test) and questionnaire to investigate a random sample of 193 children aged 10-16 years from one public school in Portugal. Survey showed: (1) Most students tested were unable to meet all the minimum standard of the 6 tests in FITNESS GRAM to be considered physically fit and educational benefits; (2) Nearly a quarter of the students are either overweight or at risk of becoming overweight; (3) More than 70% of them do not participate in exercise on regular basis. A quarter of the girl students don't do any exercise after physical education; (4) Most of them watching TV everyday and nearly half of them more than 2 hours per school day. These damaging behaviors among the school-aged students can increase risk for health problems both now and in the future easily. Survey showed that health education in middle school in Portugal need to be improved, also the curriculum of physical education in school in Portugal need to be emphasized more on health-related physical activity rather than on competitive sports or skill-related program. School is often considered to be an ideal place to promote health. It is desirable to reinforce health-relate education early in school, and it would yield twice the result with half the effort for shaping nation's future health and social well-being.

本文旨在調查葡萄牙中學生的與健康有關的生活質量情況,作者使用了 FITNESSGRAM 健康有關的身體素質測試專案組和問卷,隨機對193名年齡在10至16歲之間的葡萄牙在校中學生進行了測試和調查。結果顯示:許多學生(80%以上)沒有能全部通過 FITNESSGRAM 中所有六項被認為是達到健康和取得敎育成效所必須的最低標準;近四分之一的學生超重或有肥胖症;超過70%以上的學生不經常參加鍛煉,四分之一的女生在學校體育課後從不鍛煉。相反,所有學生基本上都天天看電視,一半學生每天看電視2小時以上。我們注意到在學生身上的這些不健康習慣都會增加學生現在和今後健康問題的風險。調查顯示在葡萄牙中學的健康敎育有待提高,學校體育課也更需要加強與健康有關的活動而不應該過分強調競技體育和技巧專案。學校是普遍被認為推進健康的好場所,儘早在學校裏加強與健康有關的敎育,這會對國民未來的健康和社會的美好都能起到事半功倍的效果。


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How to Cite

WANG, G., & PEREIRA, B. (2003). Reinforce Health-related Education Early in School: Results of a Randomized Trial in Portugal: 在學校中儘早加強與健康有關的教育: 來自葡萄牙中學的隨機調查結果. Asian Journal of Physical Education &Amp; Recreation, 9(2), 54–57.