Current Situation and Prospect of Inclusive Physical Education in Mainland China
Keywords:Inclusion, physical education, developmental status, challenges, mainland China, 融合, 體育教育, 發展現狀, 挑戰, 中國大陸
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.
Methodologies such as literature, investigation, and logic analysis were employed in order to examine the developmental status and challenges of inclusive physical education in mainland China. The result indicated that short history of legislations and polices for inclusive physical education, the passage of “Learning in Regular Classroom” led to the revolution of current structure of instructional placement for students with disabilities, and then bring with the possibility of inclusive physical education. The current structure of instructional placement for students with disabilities shows the concurrence of three states (A, B and C, see Figure 1) which provide some students with special needs to stay at the special schools rather than putting all of them at regular educational settings without support. The philosophy of inclusion is not only including students with disabilities into the regular classroom, but also preparing the supporting services. Placement with supporting service is, however, a big challenge that confronts inclusive physical education in mainland China, supporting service such as lack of a large number of qualified adapted physical teachers, pressing needs to construct inclusive and social or personnel circumstance to include people with disabilities, and adapted physical education programming are not well prepared. At the end of this article, suggestions for conquering these challenges were also provided.
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