A Study of the Editions of Anthology of Lotus Fragrance by Zhang Liren, a Singer of the Ming Dynasty
Keywords:張喬, 梁麟生, 《蓮香集》, 版本, Zhang Qiao, Liang Linsheng, Anthology of Lotus Fragrance, edition
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
The Anthology of Lotus Fragrance (Lianxiang ji) is a collection of poems compiled for the famous singer Zhang Qiao (1615 - 1633) by Peng Rizhen in the first year of the Longwu Reign-period of the South Ming Dynasty (1645) The anthologized poems feature a common theme of patriotic sentiments, which has been valued for four hundred years. The study of the different editions of this book has long been absent in existing scholarship. In the present essay, we identify three different editions, namely (1) the original Longwu edition, (2) the reprint from the Qianlong reign-period (1736- 1795) , and (3) the re-carved edition from the Daoguang reign-period (1821-1850). Both the Longwu and Daoguang editions have been lost. There are two versions of the Qianlong reprinted edition： the first print contains all names，but in the second print some names were removed. Today，only the second print version is extant. This study takes Hu Wenkai's 胡文楷 (ca. 1899- 1988) handwritten edition as a master copy to reconstruct the original look of the first print version of the Qianlong edition. This work enables us to reconstruct most of the content of the Daoguang edition through a comparison with the Tan Yuese manuscript and the other three later prints, in which the removed names are restored. In addition，through a study of the contents of Anthology of Lotus Fragrance and the enlarged version of Records of Renowned Resorts of Mountains and Seas by Chen Lanzhi (Qing dynasty), the present study also infers that the contents of the Longwu edition are arranged differently from that of the Qianlong edition. Finally, the present study reveals that the re-compilation and printing of Anthology of Lotus Fragrance by Liang Linsheng (1899-1981) and his son aimed to praise the righteous martyrs of Guangdong during the downfall of the Ming Dynasty and commend “the highest achievements in literature, loyalty and filial piety” of the Nanyuan poetry society. It also points out that the book was reprinted twice during the Qianlong and Daoguang eras and some Guangdong intellectuals suffered much in order to preserve these documents. This reveals the significance of their resistance against the Qing Dynasty's cultural suppression.
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