Research on the Biography of Gao Gong by Wang Shizhen
Keywords:王世貞, 《高拱傳》, 史實探析, 偏見根源, Wang Shizhen, Biography of Gao Gong, historical research, origin of the prejudice
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
The sixth volume of the Biography of the Prime Ministers by Wang Shizhen is Biography of Gao Gong, the earliest political biography ever since Gao’s death. Apart from Gao’s initiation into the political realm, his teaching in the Yu Palace and his pacification of the Anda, the general attitude towards Gao is negative. Wang’s biography is steeped in prejudice as far as the following issues is concerned, such as the exclusion of Xu Jie, the restoration of Gao Gong, the disputes on Jiajing Emperor’s posthumous ordinance, his vengeance against Xu Jie, the problem of bribery and so on. Such prejudice is brewed in both the ingrained mutual hatred between Wang and Gao and their opposing political standpoints. In addition to it, Wang’s materials are mainly based on the interviews with Xu Jie, which is why so many historians consider it to be unauthentic, imprecise and unbelievable.
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