Female Conduct in Textbook on Moral Education for Chinese Women in the Early Republican China
Keywords:近代中國女學, 女子教科書, 修身教育, 女子角色, female education in modern China, female textbooks, moral education, female role
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
In the imperial China, women, no matter got married or not, were used to be educated as a model of “perfect wife and good mother”. They were dedicated their whole life in (1) handling household and spinning duties, (2) assisting husbands and bearing children. But there was a dramatic change in the modern era, once western thoughts and knowledge were introduced into China, the right of women tended to be a great concern in society. Female education gained much attention. Higher rates of schools among women led to increase their role and status in the whole community. In addition, the western printing technology pushed the Chinese traditional printing industries to make innovation in terms of quality and quantity. In order to fit the new-style education system, modern female textbooks became the focus in the Chinese print culture. In 1914, Textbook on Moral Education for Chinese Women (volume 1—3) was published by Chung Hwa Book Company and was tailor-made to advanced primary school curriculum. This paper attempts at exploring how the textbook as image-maker under nationalization gives impacts on female daily practice. What are the appropriate female images—traditional, westernization or hybridization being created for the needs of new era? What are the female roles in family and society in the modern social life? All these concerns shed the light on the function and the meaning of textbook in Chinese female moral education.
Copyright (c) 2017 人文中國學報
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The CC BY-NC 4.0 license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and not used for commercial purposes. Copyright on any article is retained by the author(s) and the publisher(s).