Subversive Style in the Writing of Contemporary Taiwan Women Poets
Keywords:臺灣女詩人, 顛覆風格, 文體策略, 女性主義思想, 女鯨詩社, Women poets of Taiwan, Subversive style, Strategy of literary style, Feminist thought, Female Whale Poetry Society
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
In the late 1950s and the 1960s, there appeared more than thirty women poets in Taiwan, including Rong Zi, Lin Ling, Xiong Hong, Duo Si, etc. They wrote in the gentle, unobtrusive style of traditional Chinese poetry. Feminism was introduced to Taiwan in the 1980s. In the poetry of the pioneer Xia Yu, an awakening is expressed and patriarchal authority is thoroughly subverted. In the 1990s many women poets wrote about Feminist thoughts. Radical women poets such as Li Yuanzhen and Yan Ailin formed the Female Whale Poetry Society in 1998. Earlier women poets also wrote about Feminism, but in an unobtrusive style. This article studies the literary strategies of using certain tone, simile, metaphor, symbol, etc. by these women poets. The strategies include 1) a challenging language, 2) a light satirical tone, 3) unobtrusive retaliation, 4) mischievous jest, 5) speaking through a strong symbol and 6) a dodging, elusive discourse. Because Taiwan women poets adopt some elements in traditional wanyue writing, their Feminist writing presents a unique style.
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