Qian Mu’s Discourse on the Study of Spring and Autumn Annals and Its Discussion of the History of Confucian Classics in Pre-Qin and Han Times
Keywords:錢穆, 經學史, 《春秋》, Qian Mu, studies of the Confucian Classics, Spring and Autumn Annals (Chunqiu)
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
The studies of Confucian classics of Pre-Qin and Han times respectively by Kang Youwei (1858-1927) and Pi Xi-Rui (1850-1908) made significant impacts in the field. However, their views were questioned not only by scholars such as Zhang Taiyan (1869-1936) and Liu Shipei (1884 1919), but Qian Mu also proposed alternative interpretations and insightful discourses of his own. In particular, Qian raised a question: What special aspects of the Chunqiu (Spring and Autumn Annals) make this book a key to constructing the studies of Confucian Classics of pre-Qin and Han times? This article is a discussion of Qian Mu’s perspectives on this subject based on his discourses on Chunqiu studies. The discussion is divided into three parts: first, Qian’s perspectives on Chunqiu studies; second, his comments on Chunqiu studies of pre-Qin times; and third, his comments on Chunqiu studies of Han times. It then concludes with Qian’s comprehensive view on Chunqiu studies as well as his keen insight on relevant scholarship.
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