Another Critique on The Poems in the Pre-Qin Days, the Han, the Wei, the Jin, the South and North Dynasties
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
As one of the most significant achievements on the compilation of ancient books for recent decades in China, The Poems in the Pre-Qin Days, the Han, the Wei, the Jin, the South and North Dynasties edited by Lu Qinli (abbreviated to Lu's Book in the following), should be rated in the present day as classic book of collecting ancient literary works for its advantages of extensive selection, elaborate collation with complete notes, detailed materials and suitable layout. Nevertheless, since being completed forty years ago and without Mr Lu's final proofreading, Lu's Book still has some shortages. This thesis is designed to objectively review Lu's Book on the modern academic standpoint, affirming sufficiently the achievements, as well as pointing out the shortcomings. First of all, Lu's Book, with the initial name of The Supplement and Correction of Shiji, were compiled on basis of Shiji (the Collection of Ancient Poems compiled by Feng Wei'ne in the Ming Dynasty), and thus inevitably inherited some shortages and even mistakes of Shiji. Secondly, Mr Lu consulted ancient books as extensively as possible in those day, so that only a few ancient books such as The Rules of Poetry (five-volume edition, written by a Buddhist named Jiaoran in the Tang Dynasty) were left out. However, great deal of ancient books printed in recent decades may be used to supplement Lu's Book. Thirdly, Mr Lu's meticulosity and severe restriction in selection brought about great omission of poems such as the ancient ballads in the explanations of divinatory symbols in Zhouyi (the Book of Changes), seven-character inscriptions on copper mirrors in the Han Dynasty, poems under someone's name in ancient novels, poems with relation to Buddhism and Taoism, and so on.
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