The Character and Thought of Fang Dongshu in His Dayi Zunwen: A Case Study on Learning Perspectives and Life Experience
Keywords:方東樹, 大意尊聞, 漢學商兑, 漢宋之爭, Fang Dongshu, Dayi zunwen, Hanxue shangdui, the disputes between the Han School and Song School
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
Fang Dongshu (1772-1851) and his Hanxue shangdui always play an important role in the discussion of the disputes between the Han School and Song School in the middle of the Qing Dynasty. Scholars have been relying mainly on this book in their study of the Song School and the image of Fang. However, this research approach and methodology may be problematic because of the distinctive motives behind the writing of Hanxue shangdui. It is a monograph full of antagonism intended to defend the value of the Song School against the Han School; therefore, it cannot reflect the entirety of Fang’s character and thought. To reverse the situation, I would like to focus on Fang’s other book, Dayi zunwen, which comprises family precepts for his grandchildren. Through this book, we can transparently realize Fang’s methods of study, as well as his personality defects by introspection. We can also comprehend the conduct of life that he provided for his descendants in his senectitude.
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