Intrinsic Motivation of University Students in Participating in Physical Fitness Training Programs



  • David MAK Hong Kong Baptist University, HONG KONG (香港浸會大學)
  • Kit Wan Judy NG IP Hong Kong Baptist University, HONG KONG (香港浸會大學)



LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.

The purpose of this study was to examine the intrinsic motivation of University students in pursuing physical fitness training programs. 224 university undergraduate students (81 males and 143 females) who participated voluntarily in fitness training courses were included in this study. Participants were asked to complete a 7-item questionnaire to find out their intrinsic motivation of participating in the fitness training programs. Ratings of the questionnaire range from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). The motivation factors were ranked according to their mean scores. It was found that "to keep fit and strong" was top of the list, followed by "to improve health" and "to improve outlook". The implications of the rank order were discussed in the paper. Factor analysis of the motivation factors showed that there were two sub-factor components: physical factor and social factor. The reliability coefficients of the factors were 0.58 and 0.83 respectively. One way ANOVA results showed that significant difference was only found between genders in relation to the social factor. Social factor was seen to be a more important motivating factor in female participants of physical fitness training programs.



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How to Cite

MAK, D., & NG IP, K. W. J. (1999). Intrinsic Motivation of University Students in Participating in Physical Fitness Training Programs: 大學生參加健身訓練課程的內發動機. Asian Journal of Physical Education &Amp; Recreation, 5(2), 31–34.