Physical Self-Efficacy of Post-Secondary Colleges Swimmers in Hong Kong
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.
The subjects of this study were 121 (male = 76, female = 45) post secondary colleges swimmers. They ranged in age from 17 to 28 years (M = 20.36, SD = 1.59). The swimmers were divided into 3 groups according to the year of participation in swimming. The Physical self-efficacy scale (Ryckman, Robbins, Thornton & Cantrell, 1982) was administered and 2x3 ANOVA was utilized to analyze the mean difference in raw scores of the three dependant variables: Perceived physical ability (PPA), Physical self-presentation confidence (PSPC) and Physical self-efficacy (PSE). Results show that the PSPC and PSE scores of experienced swimmers are significantly higher than beginners. However, the PPA, PSPC and PSE scores of both males and females are similar.
本研究邀請了一百二十一名香港大專游泳運動員(男=76，女=45)參加，他們的年齡是由17至28歲(平均年齡=20.36)。他們分別回答Rychman, Robbins, Thornton和Cantrell (1982)的身體自我效能問卷。根據運動員的比賽經驗分成三組，用2x3 ANOVA分析身體自我效能的三個因變數: 感覺身體能力(Perceived Physical Ability, PPA), 身體表現信心(Physical Self-presentation Confidence, PSPC)和身體自我效能(Physical Self-efficacy, PSE)。結果指出有經驗的運動員的身體表現信心(PSPC)和身體自我效能(PSE)的分數比初學者高，而男和女的和身體自我效能則分數相近。
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