Sport Participation Motives in Primary School Students
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the sport participation motives for primary students in Hong Kong. The subjects of this study were 9 to 13 years old Primary 4 to 6 students, with 89 males and 216 females (N=305). The Participation Motivation Questionnaire (Gill, Gross & Huddleston, 1983) was utilized to examine the sport participation motives (Achievement/ Status, Team, Fitness, Energy release, Skill, Friends, Fun and Miscellaneous) and the sport participation pattern. 2x2x2 ANOVA was utilized to find out the mean differences on motivational factors for males and females with different age group in different type of schools (whole day and half day). Results showed that males had significantly higher mean score on miscellaneous factor than females, the younger age group had significantly higher mean scores on fun and friends factors than the older age group; and the whole-day primary school students had higher mean scores on team, friends and miscellaneous factors than the half-day primary school students. No interaction effect was found on age group and school type on motivational factor. Independent T-test was utilized to examine the mean difference on motivation factors for sport participants and non-sport participants. Results showed that sport-participants had significantly higher mean scores on team, fitness, energy release, friends and fun factors than non-sport participants.
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