A Preliminary Study on Gross Motor Performance of Hong Kong Children Aged 6-8 Years
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.
Gross motor development is a critical component of elementary school physical education programs. This is also the foundation for active participation in later childhood and adult physical activities. This study aims to: (1) collect preliminary data on Hong Kong children's gross motor performance; (2) analyze Hong Kong Children's gross motor proficiency; and (3) introduce a gross motor test instrument to Hong Kong PE teachers. The Test of Gross Motor Development (Second Edition) (TGMD-2) (Ulrich, 2000) was chosen as the test instrument in this project. There were 15 girls and 15 boys selected for each age interval: 6-6 to 6-11, 7-6 to 7-11 and 8-0 to 8-11. Only 27.6% of the participants achieved the average level. 27.6% and 40% of them were below average and poor, respectively. No significant sex differences in the level of fundamental gross motor skills development. However, age differences were found in stationary dribble and overhand throw, 8 years old children got higher successful rate in the mature form of the two skills.
大肌肉運動能力發展是小學體育課程的主要元素，這亦是青少年及成年時期積極參與體力活動的基石。本研究的目的是：(1)搜集香港兒童大肌肉運動能力數據；(2)分析香港兒童大肌肉運動能力表現；(3)介紹一套測試大肌肉運動能力的工具給香港體育老師。本研究選用了 '第二代大肌肉運動能力(TGMD-2)' 作測試工具。每一個年齡組別，即6-6至6-11，7-6至7-11及8-6至8-11均選取15男及15女作為研究樣本。總樣本為90人。研究發現，樣本中祗有27.6%在一般水平，另外27.6%及40%分別在低於及差的水平。在大肌肉運動能力的表現中，性別差異方面並不明顯。原地運球及擲球動作，年齡差異較明顯，八歲兒童成功掌握這兩個技能的百份比較年幼的兒童為高。
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Copyright (c) 2004 Asian Journal of Physical Education & Recreation
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