The Comparison of Functional Fitness and Self-esteem among Elderly Women Engaging Different Exercise Programs: Walking, Low Impact Aerobic, and Chi-kung
Keywords:Aging, self-esteem, functional fitness, 老化, 自尊, 功能性體適能
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
Purposes: 1) Elderly females engaging different exercise programs (walking, low impact aerobic, chi-kung) and sedentary elderly women were compared on self-esteem and functional fitness; 2) The predictability of the 6 functional fitness variables to self-esteem was also tested. Methods: 256 elderly females (55-75 years old) were selected from each of the 3-exercised group (walking, low-impact aerobic, and chi-kung class) and sedentary group respectively. Measuring instruments included Functional Fitness Test and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). One-way ANOVA was utilized to compare the three exercised-group of subjects on the overall self-esteem score (Rosenberg, 1965), and the multiple regression analysis was utilized to determine whether the 6 functional fitness predictors add to a linear function of self-esteem. Results: ‘Flexibility' was found to be significant (p < .05) predictor of self-esteem. Self-esteem , ‘BMI', ‘FLEX', ‘BAL', and ‘AGIL' of the physically active elderly women were significantly (p<.05) better than the non-exercised women. Furthermore, Self-esteem , ‘BMI', ‘FLEX', ‘BAL', ‘MUSCU', and ‘AGIL' scores of the elderly women of low impact aerobic exercised-group was significantly higher than those of the walking and Chi-kung group. However, no significant differences (p>.05) were found among the three groups in the mean‘ CARDIO' scores. Conclusion: Elderly females engaging in low impact aerobic have higher self-esteem and better functional fitness. Furthermore, Flexibility is the most important predictor of self-esteem in elderly females.
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