Physiological and Notational Comparison of New and Old Scoring Systems of Singles Matches in Men's Badminton
Keywords:Rally-point scoring system, scoring-by-service scoring system, shuttlecock, peak heart rate (HRpeak), blood lactate (LA), 羽球落地得分制, 羽球發球得分制, 羽毛球, 心跳率峰值 (HRpeak), 血乳酸濃度 (LA)
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.
This study compared the physiological responses and shot selection preferences of male singles players between the
new (rally-point) and old (scoring-by-service) scoring systems. Ten male athletes each played two matches against the same opponent on different days using the lottery method. Matches were notated using a systematic observation instrument, and physiological data were measured using heart rate (HR), ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and blood lactate levels (LA). Results showed no differences in peak HR, RPE or LA responses between the two systems. However, players spent more time at an HR greater than 90%HRpeak under the old system (63%) than under the new system (54%). Notational analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in total match playing time (PT: 29 min), work time (10 min), work density (0.57), rest time (18 min), effective playing time (36%), number of rallies (203) and serves (35) under the new system as compared to the old system (e.g. PT: 42 min). No significant differences were noted between the two systems for number of shots, rally time, stroke time, frequency distribution of shot selection and positions during the matches, and for shot methods on the last shot of each rally. These findings suggest that the new system can significantly shorten PT compared to the old system, and that physiological responses, shot selection and positions do not affect between the systems. Meanwhile, the greater proportion of time spent at higher HR intensities under the old system may be attributed to the longer playing time with the opponent.
本研究目的，針對「新(落地得分)、舊制(發球得分)羽球單打比賽時之生理反應和擊球方式」做比較。以羽球正式比賽抽籤方式讓10位大學男子甲組羽球選手，決定其各二場新、舊制羽球單打比賽同一位對手之方式。以高速攝影機拍攝每場比賽做為系統性觀察法之內容分析，並在每場比賽時測驗心跳率 (HR)、運動自覺量表(RPE)和血乳酸濃度 (LA)做為生理反應的評估指標。結果顯示，羽球新、舊制比賽間引起心跳率峰值 (HRpeak)、RPE或血乳酸上升的反應並無統計差異。然而，舊制比賽時>90%HRpeak強度的比率(63%)明顯比新制 (54%)來得多。新制比賽的整場比賽完成時間 (PT：29分鐘)、淨比賽時間 (10分鐘)、運動密度 (0.57)、休息時間 (18分鐘)、比賽時間效益 (36%)、每球來回完成次數 (203)及發球次數 (35)都明顯比舊制 (例 如PT：42分鐘)縮短，但二種不同比賽間在揮拍次數、每球來回完成時間、擊球時間、擊球方式、擊球位置及每球最後一拍的擊球方式均無統計差異。這些結果顯示，新賽制規則改變會比舊賽制明顯縮短比賽時間，但不同賽制間所引起的生理反應、擊球方式及位置則不因規則改變而受到影響。此外，舊賽制比新賽制出現較高心跳率分佈情形，可歸因於舊制比賽之雙方選手有較多對抗機會或較長比賽時間所造成的。
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