Influence on the Daoist Gods System among Social Religious by Popular Literature in Ming Dynasty Focusing on the Journey to the West and the Investiture of the Gods
Keywords:道教神系, 《西遊記》, 《封神演義》, 通俗文學反向作用, Daoist Gods, Journey to the West, Investiture of the Gods, reaction of popular literature
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
Popular literature shows up greater development and prosperity after the middle period in Ming Dynasty. Meanwhile, it truly comes to possess the essential connotations such as secularity, commercial and epidemicity. In these point, the popular literature has made remarkable effect in linking up the great tradition and small tradition, gathering collective memory, spreading and educating general concepts, along as strengthening social identity. This reaction of popular literature in Ming Dynasty shows it’s influence mainly by impact on the general social religion life, especially the establishment of the Gods System. Numerous popular literature works have not only developed and enriched the folk Pantheon, which means shaped significant folk Gods, but also made collation and innovation in the Taoist Gods system, which is regarded as the original so called institutional religion. Masterpieces of popular literature, such as the Journey to the West, the Investiture of the Gods, are all written by the underclass litterateurs. In the background of literary imaginary, these authors have developed the Taoist Gods system in the way of argumentation by their own comprehension as well as the folk social reception and creation. This development has settled the basic pattern of the Chinese social common religious life in modern times along with the social lifelization of Taoism.
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