Urban Public School Principals' Perception about Physical Education (PE) and Self-Evaluation on Their PE Programs - from New York City, USA
Keywords:Lifestyle, curriculum, reform, 生活方式, 課程設置, 改革
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in English; abstract also in Chinese.
Physical activities in school PE programs have been recognized as ideal paths and environments for developing a healthy lifestyle. Researchers have indicated that principals at all school levels (K-12) would be the critical players in the reform efforts for physical activities and improve their PE programs. This study examined 46 principals’ PE perception. The Principal’s perception of Physical Education Questionnaire and the Self-Evaluation Tool for School Physical Education Program were employed for this survey. Finding included (a) the top three statements that strongly structured the principals’ PE perception were Item 2 (We can activate and foster the physical activity skills children need through our school physical education programs), 11 (Once physical education and daily physical activities are valued and supported, children will gradually form their active and healthy lifestyle.”, and item 1 (Physical education plays a vital role in our school curricula). Regarding self-evaluation for their school PE Program, the principals indicated that their school PE programs were not well-established; some particular areas were far from satisfaction. The relationship between the principals’ PE perception and selfevaluations on their schools’ PE program exists with some correlations stronger than others.
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