The Protological Return of Recognition Theory
Keywords:創造論, 原初承認, 根本承認, 人倫, 儒家生命倫理學, Proctology, original recognition, fundamental recognition, human relations, Confucian bioethics
LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English.
Recognition involves mutual recognition between the self and others. As such, the theory of recognition can be understood as a philosophical theory about the constitution of human relations. This article first analyzes Hegel's and Honneth's modern theories of recognition. It critically assesses Honneth's “recognition of the mode of existence” and Hegel's “master-slave dialectics,” revealing that these modern recognition theories embrace an anthropological premise: man is understood as a subject who only pays attention to the desire of man's mortality. The article then turns to Augustine's doctrine. By reconstructing Augustine's description of man seeking God from memory, the article proposes a protology-based theory of recognition, laying out an alternate anthropological premise in which man is understood as a sympathetic subject concerned with human incarnation. Finally, in analyzing relevant discussions in Confucian classics, the article indicates that the relationship between Heaven and man is the foundation for the relationship between father and son, the relationship between friend and friend, and the relationship between monarch and minister, laying a theoretical foundation for Confucian religious bioethics.
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